2015 International Year of Soils: Present Atlas of Soils of Latin America

In the context of the last 2015 Book Fair held in Havana, Cuba, and in the framework of the International Year of Soils officiated by the United Nations Organization, the "Atlas of Soils of Latin America and the Caribbean" was launched "Made by Cuba.

The publication was funded by the European Commission and sponsored by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), together with the Global Soil Alliance and networks of researchers, with the participation of experts from across the region.

The launch was attended by the FAO representative in Cuba, Mr. Theodor Friedrich, and is part of the program of activities of the United Nations System at the Book Fair 2015, in the context of the International Year of Soils.

During the launch of the publication Mr. Friedrich recalled that the soil forms very slowly but is easily destroyed, so many in the world believe that its degradation could end the life of the planet before climate change.

"The presentation of this Atlas, just in the International Year of Soils, aims precisely to understand the threats to which this resource is subjected, where the greatest continues to be mechanical tillage and, at the same time, conceive a sustainable and productive agricultural production , such as that proposed by conservation agriculture, a way of growing crops without tilling the soil, already practiced on 11 percent of agricultural lands in the world", Said the representative of FAO.

For his part, Dr. Olegario Muñiz, president of the Cuban Society of soil science, explained that the Atlas offers details of the characteristics of the lands of each nation in Latin America and the Caribbean, and even features indigenous traditional systems. of tillage

Among the merits of the publication, Dr. Muñiz added, is the quality of the published maps, which offer updated and copious information on the properties of the soil, the degradation processes to which it is subjected, the impact of climate change, diverse land uses, in addition to presenting options to focus on recovery and preservation.

The specialist also meant that the Atlas is a guide to make decisions, with the merit of using an accessible language to scientists, educators, policy makers, farmers or environmentalists.


Source: FAO.org

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