2019 Fruit Cadastre: Cranberries, the main species planted in the Ñuble, Biobío, Los Ríos and Los Lagos regions

This Chilean super fruit showed an average growth in these regions of the order 12,6%

The new figures of the 2019 Fruit Cadastre were released in the framework of Expo Chile Agrícola, last week. This is a regional update carried out by the Natural Resources Information Center, CIREN, every three years, and in conjunction with the Office of Agricultural Studies and Policies, PASO. On this occasion, the Cadastre presented the results of 9 regions of: Arica and Parinacota, Tarapacá, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, La Araucanía, Los Ríos, Los Lagos and Aysén.

According to the analysis, a positive variation in the cultivation of blueberries is visualized, which are presented as the main species in the Ñuble, Biobío, Los Ríos and Los Lagos regions, with an average growth in all regions of the order 12,6%. Also, as explained by the authorities, this increase also shows an increase in fruit growing to the south of the country.

“Clearly what we have been able to observe is that as a result of climate change the fruit barrier has run south. The south central area of ​​the country and in particular the Maule region, have significant growth potential, as they are still places, with moderate water stress, but that also require reconversion and diversification of crops in the medium and long term. ”, Said the Executive Director of CIREN, Felix Viveros Díaz.

Growth: Cherries and Hazelnuts 

According to the report, and as we mentioned last week, the big revelation was the growth of the cherry tree that only in the Maule Region increased by 58,6%, that is, about 6.525 hectares, displacing the apple tree that for many years located as the main cultivated species in that region, which in the case of red apple tree showed a decrease of 10%.

Currently, the cherry tree is in third place nationally as the most planted species, behind table grapes and hazelnut, with a growth of 56,7% in three years. The reasons for this growth would be the great attraction represented by the positive results of the exports of this fruit to Asia, especially China.

A positive variation was also presented in the hazelnut plantations that nationwide increased by 86,4%. In the case of the Ñuble region, the figure soared, tripling what was observed in the year 2016, increasing from 759 to 2.944 hectares. This growth was also observed in Araucanía with an increase of 58,7%, Maule 70,43% and Los Ríos 148,9%.

Planted Hectares , Regions and Irrigation

In general, the fruit area planted in the 9 regions where the study was conducted grew by 21,5% between the year 2016 and 2019, reaching 118.839 hectares.

In this sense, fruit growing presented a significant increase in all southern regions in relation to the previous cadastre carried out in 2016: Los Lagos Region 68,7%, Los Ríos 47,7%, Biobío 40,8%, La Araucanía 37,1%, Ñuble 31,1%, Maule 14,7% and Aysén 13,1%.

However, the greatest increase was obtained by Maule, which continues to be, after O Higgins, the second most important region in national fruit production.

Meanwhile, the decreases were registered in the north of Chile, with Arica and Parinacota totaling a decrease of - 4,4% and Tarapacá with - 2,9%. As three years ago, the olive tree and mango are still the most widely planted species in the area.

It is important to note that 62% of the surface of the 9 registered regions is under drip irrigation with a growth of this method of 49,8%.

Exports

The year 2018 exported 2,94 millions of tons of fresh fruit, equivalent to $ 5.700 millions of FOB dollars. According to information from Trademap, Chile is a leader in exports of grapes, cherries, blueberries, and plums in the fresh fruit segment.

 

Source
SimFRUIT

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