El Nim, an alternative to combat Zika and develop fertilizers
Ivar Murat, agricultural researcher and promoter of the properties and benefits of the neem, a tree from the Iejana India, ensures that this species with its more than 344 components is not only an extraordinary repellent against mosquitoes and mosquitoes -among them the Aedes aegypti, transmitter of dengue, chikungunya, malaria and zika- but an input of great value, through its seeds, for the development of insecticides, fungicides and fertilizers for organic and biological agriculture.
"If you plant the neem in a country house or a young village, you do not need insecticides or mosquito nets to repel insects, you can even sleep safely with the windows open", assures the scholar, who adds that the tree grows from the Tropic of Cancer to the Tropic of Capricorn, at a height that reaches between the 1200 and 1400 msnm.
However, despite the obvious contribution of nee to agriculture and people's well-being, district, provincial and regional municipalities do not encourage plant cultivation, Murat said.
The web portal "Primordial" He stressed that public health representatives worldwide say that the best strategy to avoid being infected with viruses transmitted by insects and mosquitoes is the use of repellents. Precisely, the oil that is extracted from the neem seeds works as one of them.
The same website indicates that the nim has evolved from being a "traditional medicine" a study subject that has demonstrated its effectiveness in reducing the transmission of diseases from mosquitoes.
It has also proven to discourage their feeding, suppress their fecundity, be ovicidal, and larvicide, growth regulator and repellent against the more 500 species of different insects.
Although it manages to repel insects, it is important to note that its use respects the biological control of invertebrates, including bees, lacewings, coccinellids and wasps, according to Ivar Murat.
The specialist explains that the secret of neem is that it has multiple modes of action against insects and, therefore, can rarely show resistance. One of these ways is the attack on your hormonal system, so it is very difficult for future generations of insects to develop any resistance.
For the public health problem the specialist considered that the Nim is a valuable solution because the oil extracted from the tree is totally biodegradable and economical, so the local and regional municipalities should develop nurseries and distribute to their inhabitants Nim plants for plant.
In order for the neem to begin producing seeds, it has to pass a period of 2 to 3 three months after its cultivation, a year it can reach two meters.
After two years, you can give 20 to 30 kilograms of seed per tree.
Some specialists point out that this plant fights 300 pests and more than 50 diseases associated with agriculture, such as yellow rust, which attacks Peruvian and Central American coffee plantations today.
In addition, it purifies the air, fights environmental pollution, enriches the soil, restores areas degraded by erosion or abuse of chemical pesticides, obtaining better harvests.
Murat points out that for one hectare of coffee, 80 to 100 need neem plants and that each tree lives from 200 to 300 years.
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