Peru: “El Niño” will hit the main blueberry production regions until May 2024
Climate change has become a direct threat to the Peruvian blueberry industry, also to those of other countries and to the international fruit market. Its meteorological effects have destroyed crops, slowed down production processes and reduced yields, either due to intense rains or hail, or due to the intense heat and radiation rates on the plants, which has caused a lack of fruit in the markets, affecting consumer demand.
The reality of climate change and global warming is causing a great impact on the fruit industry since it is very permeable to this threat, because it is a productive activity that is based on the interaction of the plant, the soil and the environment. climate, in addition to the social factor referred to the need for labor, so mitigating these environmental effects or adapting to them is an urgent challenge.
Heat and rain
The blueberry season of the Peruvian industry is significantly affected by the past heat waves, which affected the photosynthesis of the plants, therefore, a delay in fruit production. Now, major blueberry-producing regions, which are in full harvest, are threatened by forecasted heavy rain.
In a report issued by the Multisectoral Commission of the National Study of the El Niño Phenomenon (EFEN) of Peru, it is projected that the meteorological event will continue until the fall of 2024, at least. Mainly affecting the entire coastal and northern regions of the Peruvian highlands, where the main blueberry production farms in Peru are currently located.
The authorities project that between November 2023 and February 2024, warm air temperature conditions will persist, which will trigger intense rains on the north coast, central coast and northern mountains, which is why floods and landslides once again turn on the alarms. in each of the producing regions of Peru.
Among the regions most vulnerable to this threat are Tumbes, Piura, La Libertad, Áncash, Lambayeque, Cajamarca, Huánuco in the central eastern part, San Martín in the high jungle, Amazonas, Ica in the south center of Peru and Loreto in the Northern Amazon, where practically 95% of blueberry crops and almost all of the production for export are concentrated.
The Minister of Agrarian Development and Irrigation of Peru, Jennifer Contreras, declared that they are committed to completing the prevention work before the start of the rains. "At this time we are intervening simultaneously in 316 critical points from Tumbes to Ica, with clearing and cleaning of rivers and drains through the National Water Authority (ANA)," he declared and added that the government's commitment is “protect the lives of the population, their assets and their crops.”
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