What is Chile exporting: X-ray of fruit shipments to the international market
Fruit exports from Chile, during the period January - July 2021, reached 2,35 million tons, worth USD 4.894 million FOB. In contrast to the same months of 2020, the figures translated into a decrease of 0,1% in volume exported and an increase of 4% in value.
Of this total in value, 77% corresponded to fresh fruit, 17% to processed fruit (juices, oils, preserves, frozen, dehydrated) and 6% to dried fruit (walnuts, almonds, hazelnuts, among others). But what is the country exporting?
According to an observation made by Data Intelligence in the last 10 years, grape shipments have decreased from 919 to 697 thousand tons per year, while apple exports fell from 907 to 777 thousand tons per year.
Cherry exports increased from 73 thousand tons to 239 thousand tons per year, while mandarin and lemon exports increased from about 57 and 40 thousand tons to 182 and 96 thousand tons per year, respectively.
In this line, Chile is the second largest exporter of blueberries and the fourth largest exporter of kiwi worldwide, these two products representing about 80% of the 400.000 tons of berries that are exported annually.
The behavior of berries in general in the last 10 years has been relatively constant. However, kiwifruit exports have decreased by about 31%, which has been partially offset by an increase of approximately 60% in blueberry exports.
Raspberry and strawberry exports also show contrasting behavior. While raspberry exports have decreased by 46%, strawberry exports have tripled in the period.
In relation to the countries of destination of the national fruit, the United States is the main importer of Chilean blueberries, however, in the last 10 years its participation has decreased by about 64% of total exports, to 41%.
For their part, the international markets that have experienced an expansion correspond mainly to the Netherlands -which went from 7% to 16% of the volume of exports- and Australia together with China, which went from 3% of exports to 7 and 10% respectively.
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